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What is dyspraxia and how can it affect a child?

child girl cleaning her room and organise wooden toys into knitted storage bag. Housework and help concept

Dyspraxia, also known as developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is a neurological condition that affects the development of movement and coordination skills. It primarily affects children but can continue into adulthood as well. Dyspraxia is a lifelong condition, although with appropriate support and interventions, individuals with dyspraxia can learn to manage and overcome many of its challenges.

Children with dyspraxia often experience difficulties with various aspects of motor skills, including both gross motor skills (such as walking, running, jumping, and balancing) and fine motor skills (such as writing, tying shoelaces, or using utensils). These difficulties may manifest in several ways:

1) Motor coordination

Children with dyspraxia may struggle with basic motor tasks, such as catching or throwing a ball, riding a bicycle, or using stairs. They may appear clumsy, uncoordinated, or have a tendency to trip or bump into objects more frequently than their peers.

2) Fine motor skills

Difficulties with fine motor skills can affect tasks that require precise hand movements, such as tying shoelaces, using scissors, or fastening buttons. They may also struggle with handwriting, forming letters, or organising their thoughts on paper.

3) Planning and organising

Children with dyspraxia may have challenges with planning and organising their movements. They may find it hard to follow multi-step instructions or sequences, and may struggle with activities that involve complex planning or coordination.

4) Sensory integration

Sensory processing issues are common in dyspraxia. Children may have difficulty integrating and interpreting sensory information from their environment, which can affect their ability to respond appropriately. They may be oversensitive or under sensitive to sensory stimuli, such as touch, sound, or visual input.

5) Speech and language

Some children with dyspraxia may have speech and language difficulties. They may struggle with articulation, speech clarity, and pronunciation. Expressing their thoughts verbally can be challenging, and they may have trouble with grammar, vocabulary, and sequencing.

It's important to note that dyspraxia is a highly variable condition, and its effects can differ from person to person. Some children may have mild difficulties, while others may face more significant challenges. Early identification and appropriate interventions, such as occupational therapy and speech therapy, can greatly help children with dyspraxia in improving their motor skills, coordination, and overall functioning.

At Prepped, we have specialist tutors who have experience in tutoring children with dyspraxia. If your child has dyspraxia and needs extra support with their learning, contact Prepped on 01284 658777 or email


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