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What is phonics?

Phonics is a method of teaching reading and writing that focuses on the relationship between sounds and letters. It is based on the idea that there is a predictable relationship between phonemes (the individual sounds that make up words) and graphemes (the letters or letter combinations that represent those sounds in written language).

Phonics instruction typically begins by teaching children the individual sounds of each letter in the alphabet, and then teaching them to blend those sounds together to form words. For example, a child might learn that the letter "m" represents the sound /m/, and that when you combine the sounds /m/, /a/, and /t/, you get the word "mat."

Phonics instruction can also involve teaching children about letter patterns, such as digraphs (two letters that make a single sound, like "sh" or "ch") and diphthongs (two vowel sounds blended together, like "oi" or "ou"). By teaching children to recognise these patterns, they can more easily decode unfamiliar words and improve their reading fluency.

Phonics is a foundational skill for reading and writing, and is often taught in conjunction with other language skills such as vocabulary, comprehension, and writing. It is a widely used method of teaching literacy in many countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia. If your child needs help with phonics, contact Prepped on 01284 658777 or email


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